Dating in krakow
From the late 18th century, when Poland lost its independence during the period of foreign partitions, Wawel became a symbol of an enduring nation and was the setting for demonstrations and gatherings of Cracovians protesting against the continuing foreign occupation by the Austrian, Prussian, and the Russian empires.
Therefore, the fortress-like Wawel complex which visually dominates the city has often been viewed as seat of power.
The earliest evidence is of wooden structures dating from the 9th century, with the earliest stone buildings dating bto the 10th and 11th centuries; the remains of the following buildings date from this era: the Rotunda of the Blessed Virgin Mary – probably from the turn of the 10th and 11th century; Church B (the earliest parts originate from the 10th century); Church of St Gereon (probably the palace chapel); the Church of St.
George; the Church of St Michael; the Twenty-Four Pillar Room (possibly part of the Ducal Mansion); the Keep and the Residential Tower.
Archeological studies suggest that the earliest settlement dates back to the Middle Paleolithic era, c.
100,000 years BC and owed its rapid development to its location being the crossing of a number of key trading routes.