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The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power.Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland.After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, which Sweden left in 1523.With the Swedish involvement in the Thirty Years War, on the Reformist side, began an expansion of its territories and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed.This became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.In the 6th century Jordanes names two tribes living in Scandza, both of which are now considered to be synonymous with the Swedes: the Suetidi and Suehans.
Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested.
Sweden has a total population of 10 million It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi); the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.
Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas.
Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD.
In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes (Suiones) as a powerful tribe (distinguished not merely for their arms and men, but for their powerful fleets) with ships that had a prow at each end (longships).